â€œIt is crucialâ€¦.to identify aspects of the process that worked well and why, and changes to the process that will improve success in the future.â€*
If you do 10 things in a day, and 9 of them go fabulously, which one do you focus on? Right. The one thing that was a bust. People seem to find it easier to complain than to acknowledge things that are going well.
The same thing happens when we debrief after a program, project or event. Â The default feedback I hear from clients seems to be, â€œwell, in general it went well butâ€¦â€¦â€ followed by a litany of things that went wrong. â€œ
We focus on the things that didnâ€™t go as planned. Or rather, we focus on the things that werenâ€™t planned at all. Â The things that went wrong. The unanticipated malfunctions.
We glide right over the first part of the feedback, â€œin general it went wellâ€¦â€ and dive right into trying to fix what went wrong. Worse, we lapse into the blame game â€“ â€œwho messed up?â€
What we donâ€™t do is spend time on what went right.
What if we asked a different set of questions? What if we held off the negative dissection, and first asked these questions:
- â€œWhat was theÂ biggest success of the night / event / program?â€
- â€œWhat did we do that made that happen?â€
- Â â€œWhat else went right, and What did we do to make that happen?â€
- â€œWhat can we learn from that?â€
- â€œIs there anything we did that we can transfer to other programs/ projects/ events?â€
Observe, acknowledge, and deconstruct the success.
Only THEN move on to what could have been done better. In fact, avoid the blame game completely by asking,
- â€œWhat â€˜changes to the process will improve success in the future?â€™â€
These words from Barry Lord and Gail Lord, in Manual of Museum Management, offer a positive way to improve on any program or process. It acknowledges that things could be better than they are â€“ no matter what level they start at.
Framing the â€˜what went wrongâ€™ question to focus on process instead of who avoids laying blame on a person, and starts the brain working at analyzing procedure.
This applies to every process. From board evaluations to gala events; from personnel reviews to budget analysis; from Thanksgiving dinners to conversations with a partner. It acknowledges that things could be better â€“ more successful â€“ and moves the conversation to developing conditions for success.
Next time you do a debrief, start with the positive. THEN STAY POSITIVE. Watch how much more thoughtful the discussion can be.
Click here to receive more tips and thoughts on board relations, planning and nonprofit management; or get in touchÂ for a no-obligation conversation about how you can improve your board meetings.
*Barry & Gail Lord, The Manual of Museum Management
Itâ€™s human nature to group people and stick a label on them. We segment out individuals who are donors as being different from other people. We talk about â€˜donor relationsâ€™ as if thatâ€™s distinct from building a relationship with everyone, regardless of who they are. Too often, though, we forget that this is just shorthand for real people.
Recently, Harvard Business Review blogger John Michel did an excellent job of explaining the positive impact of focusing on people and not their roles, in his post A Military Leaderâ€™s Approach to Dealing with Complexity.Â It made me revisit a post of my own, C’mon People It’s Not Donor Relations,Â and consider implications for board leaders.
Donor relations are people relations. Just like employee relations are people relations, volunteer relations are people relations, and board relations are people relations. Any time we interact with another individual we are in relationship with that person.
Michel’s post includes two gems that strongly correlate with board leadership, and the impact of the relationship between people who serve on nonprofit boards and people who are on the frontline of delivering the nonprofitâ€™s mission.
First, if you focus on people instead of their roles, it promotes their inclusion when you craft your vision.
Or, as Michel writes:
“Making inclusivity a priority will increase ownership, enhance motivation, improve information sharing, and result in leaders making wiser, more informed choices.”
Weâ€™re all aware of trustees who operate in an ivory tower and create strategic plans without involving the people who are actually charged with executing that plan. Remembering that employees areÂ people with their own ideas and thoughtsÂ makes it easier to bring them into the process.
Build your vision in pencil, instead of ink, so you can be flexible enough to hear and incorporate the ideas of staff and increase the buy-in of everyone involved. Increased buy-in leads to increased success.
Second, remember that every single interaction has an impact. Every spoken or written word and every non-verbal communication becomes a part of the whole image of who you are. Relationships are a result of both conscious communications AND unconscious communications.Â Every time a member of the board speaks to the person on the frontline, that conversation has an impact. All the more so when the communication is nonverbal. Thatâ€™s when the leader is less conscious of what she is â€˜saying.â€™
As Michel writes:
â€œEffective leaders understand that every interaction is a potentially powerful means of nurturing a relationship, eliminating an obstruction to progress, or reinforcing trust.â€
John Michel based his observations on his experience in the military, relaying the impact of interpersonal relationships when confronting complexity.Â The situations and scale may differÂ but the principle is the same. People matter. Relationships matter.
Building relationships is a fundamental tool to make sure that when you lead, others will follow.
Have you seen the impact of leaders who build relationships? Or the impact of those who donâ€™t build relationships? Let me know!
And Iâ€™d love to have a conversation about how your strategic planning can successfully include staff, board, volunteers and community.Â Contact me at email@example.com.
Does the quality of the Executive Director make a difference?
You bet it does.Â Or, at least in the corporate world, a great CEO seems to have an outsized impact on the strength of the corporation.
Walter Frick, reviewing work by professors Quigley and Hambrick at Penn State and University of Georgia, makes the case that in corporate America, when business is more dynamic and less predictable, the CEO has a disproportionate effect on the success of the corporation. They looked at data spanning more than 60 years â€“ the equivalent of 18,000 firm-years, that is, the combined years that the firms had been in existence â€“ and found that the effect of the CEO almost doubled from 1950-2009.
What does this mean for the nonprofit world?Â Look carefully at this quote from Frick:
â€œan increase in business dynamism has amplified the impact of CEOs over time, but that effect is at its highest in companies where industry and economic constraints still limit the firmâ€™s options.â€
While I wouldnâ€™t make one-to-one comparisons between for-profit and nonprofit organizations, you canâ€™t deny that by its very nature, the nonprofit world is continually under economic constraints, with limited options, facing increased competition for support, higher needs, and declining resources. How well you manage these constraints is a function of the Executive Director and the Executive-Board partnership.
One of the most important functions of a Board of Directors is to hire, evaluate and, if necessary, replace the Executive Director.Â The quality of the partnership between the Executive and the board has an enormous effect on whether the boardâ€™s vision is achieved, or whether the board and Executive spend most of their time on minutiae.
Hiring well, and putting in place a sound evaluation system based on relevant criteria, can make a huge difference in the future of your organization. And, if there is any similarity to the for-profit world, it is even more important in uncertain times.
Consider it an investment in the future of your agency.
For more hallmarks of transformational boards, or to find out more about achieving nonprofit Standards for Excellenceâ„¢, get in touch. Letâ€™s have a conversation.
For years, the words Appreciative Inquiry seeped into my consciousness.
It began at a two-day national development seminar, and most recently at a five-day conference for lay leaders, nonprofit professionals and clergy. By this time, it appeared everywhere, either explicitly or implicitly; there seemed to be a whole track of sessions that demonstrated appreciative inquiry in different settings.
On a very simple level, Appreciative Inquiry begins with:
- appreciating and valuing what is;
- envisioning what might be;
- engaging in dialogue about what should be; and
- innovating to create what will be.
So what does Improv Comedy have to do with Appreciative Inquiry? Good question. Two main rules of Improv Comedy are â€œYes, andâ€¦â€ and â€œyour main focus is on your partner.â€
First, whatever is thrown at you, you have to accept it and build on it. For example, if someone picks up a banana and uses it to call you on the phone, you canâ€™t say, â€œyou idiot, thatâ€™s a banana!â€ You have to go with the flow, answer the phone, and say, â€œHey! I was just about to call you â€“ your Momâ€™s here and wants to know what you did with her gold-plated antique chamber pot she inherited from your Dadâ€™s Aunt Phoebe in Alaska!â€ The point is, you have to accept what has been handed to you, and figure out what to do with it.
Second, with every sentence being a potential surprise, you have to focus closely on your partner, listen to whatever is being said and try to understand where sheâ€™s going with it.
In a nonprofit setting, if a board member says, â€œour students arenâ€™t showing up for tutoring,â€ the response is â€œyes, and letâ€™s figure out the ideal situation.â€ If you can envision an ideal situation, then you can work towards that ideal. If you say, â€œyes, but theyâ€™re dealing with issues at home, the buses arenâ€™t running at the right time, their parents donâ€™t push themâ€¦.â€ youâ€™re not adding to the conversation. Youâ€™re focusing on problems and seeming defensive, instead of hearing that the board member cares about the situation and inviting him to a shared vision of a better future.
acknowledges that the comment was made,
appreciates that it is a concern,
inquires into what would be better.
And starts a dialogue about creating a better future.
They both get a bum rap!
â€œA committee is a group of people who individually can do nothing, but who, as a group, can meet and decide that nothing can be done.â€ Fred Allen
â€œA committee is a group that keeps minutes and loses hours.â€ Milton Berle
Then thereâ€™s this rubber stamp I was given, that said, â€œGreat idea! Assign a committee to foul it up!â€
There is an image of nonprofit board committees as the place where ideas go to die a slow and lingering death; where process overcomes inspiration; where group-think strangles innovation.
But if youâ€™re running an organization, itâ€™s really hard to get anything done if you canâ€™t segment off a group of people to work on specific jobs. How do you get people to work on these jobs? You invite them. Nicely.
The problem with committees is that word: â€œcommit.â€
Thatâ€™s especially true in todayâ€™s society. Sometimes I feel so rushed and overwhelmed, that the thought of taking on another commitment sends me screaming in the other direction â€“NOOOoooooo!!!!! You mean, I have to come to meetings and be obligated for two whole years???
But if someone said to me, â€œHey, Janet has this great idea; Joe and I are going to help her make it happen. Can you join us?â€ my answer is probably going to at least lead to a query for more information.
Asking someone to join the Finance Committee might be deadly. Asking someone to help figure out the best way to maximize the dollars we have available for our missionâ€¦? Well, thatâ€™s intriguing.
Being offered an idea for engaging new supporters and telling them to give the idea to a committee is disheartening. Being asked to explore the idea with others and generate ways to make it work is an invitation.
Committees arenâ€™t inherently bad. Itâ€™s how we ask people to serve that creates the deadly atmosphere surrounding them.
Invite people to MAKE THINGS HAPPEN. Letâ€™s change the conversation.
â€œI resolve to do more (fill in the blank)â€¦â€¦ in the coming year.â€
Congratulations! But what are going to do less of?
A simple and powerful tool for any manager, Do, Delegate, Discard is especially helpful to Executive Directors who are the lynchpin between the Board of Directors and the staff. It makes you focus on making the most of your time, and helps you make best use of the talent around you.
First, write down everything you are responsible for. Everything. That includes bringing in office snacks, managing the $5000 library fund donor and organizing the annual gala. Making thank you calls to major donors, reviewing the copier contract, meeting board members for coffee and writing the copy for the eight page monthly newsletter. Writing the development and communications plan, keeping the FAQs up-to-date, hiring, evaluating and firing staff and developing the employee handbook. Whatever it is, write it down.
Now, make three columns next to the list: Do, Delegate, Discard.
For each item on the list, decide if itâ€™s something ONLY YOU CAN DO,Â something you can DELEGATE TO SOMEONE ELSE, or something that doesnâ€™t have to be done, i.e., DISCARD.
Caution!Â Even if you think that only you can do it right, that doesnâ€™t mean that only you can do it. This is where perfectionists stumble. Consider â€“ an Executive Director earning $80,000 a year (plus benefits), and ostensibly working 40 hours per week (ha), is earning $48/hour. Does it really make sense for you to be the author of every article for the newsletter or to maintain the FAQs? Or should you be focusing on staff development, major donors and board interactions? If you honestly believe that only you can do the job, then mark the DO column. These items should be where your organization will derive the greatest benefit from your time.
Control freaks stumble when they contemplate handing off to a subordinate. Â Delegating is scary, but successful delegation ultimately pays off. Staff get the chance to shine and the satisfaction of being responsible for jobs well done. So into the DELEGATE column put reviewing the copier contract, keeping FAQs up-to-date, managing and writing the newsletter, reviewing lower level staff, drafting new handbook pages. It may mean time to train your staff, but developing your staff is ultimately what will make you – and your organization – even more productive.
Superwomen and Supermen stumble on DISCARD. There is a subconscious fear that youÂ will be thought less of if you don’t do every. single. thing. But DISCARD may be the most powerful action you can take. It forces you to stop and think about why a job is done at all.Â Maybe the 8 page monthly newsletter should drop to 4 pages, or bimonthly, or not even exist. What purpose does it serve; would something else serve that purpose even better? Should stewarding the library fund donor be woven into the general donor stewardship program? Are all the board reports needed? Can you move to consent agendas? Should you drop the gala that nets $20,000 but has hidden labor costs of $50,000?
Deceptively simple, Do, Delegate, Discard is a powerful tool for managing your time, and empowering your staff. Itâ€™s a great way to begin the new year, and make room for all those NEW resolutions.